Interventional cardiologist’s doctors are cardiology subspecialists. These are specialized doctors who are specially trained to place stents in clogged arteries. This process of placing stents in clogged arteries allows smooth and proper blood flow. The process reduces the risk of stroke or heart attack.

An interventional cardiologist is a cardiologist with one to two years of additional education and training in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular disease as well as congenital present at birth and structural heart conditions through catheter-based procedures, such as angioplasty and stenting.

Interventional cardiology is a branch of cardiology, that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases. Many procedures can be performed on the heart by catheterization. The procedures includes..

  • Cardiac Catheterization
  • Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI)
  • Balloon Angioplasty
  • Atherectomy
  • Stent Implantation
  • Emergency and Rescue Procedures: Hypothermia/Intra-Aortic Balloon Pump
  • Patent Foramen Oval Closure.

The procedure commonly involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery, but in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization (most commonly fluoroscopy). The radial artery may also be used for cannulation, this approach offers several advantages, including the accessibility of the artery in most patients, the easy control of bleeding even in anticoagulated patients, the enhancement of comfort because patients are capable of sitting up and walking immediately following the procedure, and the near absence of clinically significant squeal in patients with a normal Allen test.

The main advantages of using the interventional cardiology or radiology approach are the avoidance of the scars and pain, and long post-operative recovery. Additionally, interventional cardiology procedure of primary angioplasty is now the gold standard of care for an acute myocardial infarction. It involves the extraction of clots from occluded coronary arteries and deployment of stents and balloons through a small hole made in a major artery, which has given it the name Pin-hole Surgery as opposed to Key-hole Surgery.

What conditions and diseases does an interventional cardiologist treat?

An interventional cardiologist diagnoses and treats conditions of the heart and major blood vessels, including:

Angina, a type of chest pain usually caused by narrowing of the arteries (due to coronary heart disease).

Arrhythmia, an abnormal heart rhythm in which your heart beats too fast, too slow, or irregularly Cardiomyopathy, a weakening or enlargement of your heart muscle.

Congenital heart defects (present at birth), including atrial septal defect and patent foramen ovale.

Heart attack (myocardial infarction), which occurs when a portion of your heart muscle is deprived of oxygen-rich blood and dies.

Heart failure, which occurs when your heart is too weak to pump enough blood to your body.

Heart valve disorders, abnormalities of the valves that ensure blood flows in one direction through your heart.

Myocarditis, or heart inflammation.